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Acne that never goes away? You may be suffering from fungal acne?

Dec 22,2021 | HISEEK PRETTY

There are many places where you can find fungi: in a damp basement, under a rock in the woods, or sizzling plates of mushrooms in a steakhouse. But there's one place you don't want to find fungus - your skin! More and more people are experiencing "fungal acne". But what exactly is fungal acne, and how can it be treated and treated? Let's take a look at it.

What is fungal acne?

(Technically speaking, fungal acne is not acne. It is caused by an overgrowth of fungus on the skin that depends on oil for survival.)

Fungal acne is an overgrowth of yeast within the hair follicles. Sebaceous glands within your skin produce an oil called “sebum.” These glands can overproduce oil, and your pores and hair follicles can become clogged with oil as well as bacteria and yeast that is naturally found on your skin. Bacteria can lead to the traditional acne blemishes, but the yeast can cause an inflammation of the hair follicles, or “folliculitis.” It’s not contagious, infectious, or an indicator of poor skin hygiene.

Fungal acne looks different from conventional acne. Those caused by bacteria or hormones usually have blackheads, thick blisters, papules, or cysts. This is made up of many clusters of small, usually itchy bumps under the surface of the skin. And because the fungus feeds on oil, it usually breaks out in the oiliest (or sweatiest) areas of the body. These include the forehead, T-zone, chin, upper back, chest, and shoulders.

 

What causes fungal acne?

We know that fungal acne survives on oil, but what does this really mean? There are many people with oily skin who have never experienced this type of acne either. That's because there are other factors that can throw our skin out of balance and thus trigger this fungus. "Our skin is like a giant petri dish," Adam Daria told ERIC. "It sounds gross, but there are over 500 species of bacteria here, in addition to viruses and fungi. They're like an extra layer of protection against potential pathogens. They are in control of everything. However, if you upset the balance there, other substances may take over and

There are several different causes of fungal acne and several culprits are provided.

1. Climate: Fungal acne is more common in this type of climate and season as yeasts (note: the fungus that causes fungal acne is a yeast-like fungus) thrive in warm, humid places. Interestingly, in the Philippines (which is hot and humid!) 56% of acne sufferers have both bacterial and fungal acne - a much higher percentage than the average!
2. Antibiotics: Long-term use of topical antibiotics such as clindamycin or oral antibiotics such as doxycycline and minocycline can make the situation worse. By killing bacteria (both harmful and beneficial!), antibiotics can cause the fungal population on the skin to spike.
3. Hygiene: Starting a new exercise regime, wearing the wrong sportswear, and/or wearing sweaty clothes for long periods of time can all lead to fungal acne and folliculitis.
4. Skincare products: Didn't we also mention that oils and fats are yeast feed? If you use skincare products or cosmetics that contain oils (even in small amounts), they may trigger this condition.
5. Diet: While diet is not usually the initial cause of fungal acne breakouts, once you have an imbalance in your diet - if it's high in sugar (another yeast-loving food!) -- is certainly a contributing factor!

How to treat fungal acne?

Remember, because this condition is caused by the yeast Malessezia furfur, it will not respond to the traditional antibacterial and anti-inflammatory acne treatments. Anti-yeast and antifungal treatments are needed. For mild disease, you can start by using a topical antifungal cream or lotion, applied daily to the affected areas. For a more prolonged or significant outbreak, your dermatologist may prescribe an oral antifungal medication. Maintenance treatment may be needed as well because this condition can recur, especially when the environment is right for the yeast to proliferate.

If you’re struggling with facial breakouts that aren’t improving or responding to over-the-counter treatments, see a board-certified dermatologist to help find the best treatment and tailor a skin care regimen that’s right for you.

How to avoid fungal acne flare-ups?

The following things should be observed in daily life to avoid recurrence.
Maintaining a positive state of mind.
Wearing breathable clothes and drying off immediately after sweating.
Keeping the air flowing, paying attention to personal hygiene, bathing, and changing clothes regularly.
eating more fresh vegetables and fruits and avoiding spicy and stimulating foods.
Adopting good habits to help reduce recurrence.

Back to Skin Care.